1. NATIONAL VEGETABLE:-
Kaddu, also called Indian Pumpkin is the most popular vegetable in India. According to Some scholar it may be our national vegetable.It looks like a pumpkinbut has the taste and texture of butternut squash. The most common curried dish is called ‘Meetha Kaddu‘, sweet pumpkin dry curry.
2. NATIONAL FLAG:-
National Flag – Tiranga. Tiranga also called Tricolour is the national flag of India, has three colours saffron at top which signifies sacrifice and patriotism, middle is white stands for truth with Ashoka Chakra in the middle of the white is a blue wheel, at bottom green for life and prosperity.
3. NATIONAL SWEET:-
Jalebi,also known as Zulbia,is national sweet of India.
4. NATIONAL FISH:-
Ganges river dolphin
National Aquatic Animal of India: The national aquatic animal of India is River Dolphin, which is also called as the Ganges river dolphin. The mammal once used to live in the Ganges, Brahmaputra and Meghna, Kamaphuli and Sangu rivers of India, Bangladesh and Nepal.
5. NATIONAL COLOUR:-
In the national flag of India the top band is of Saffron colour, indicating the strength and courage of the country. The white middle band indicates peace and truth with Dharma Chakra. The last band is green in colour shows the fertility, growth and auspiciousness of the land.
6. NATIONAL EMBLEM:-
The State Emblem of India, as the national emblem of India is called, is an adaptation of the Lion Capital of Ashoka at Sarnath, preserved in the Sarnath Museum near Varanasi, India.
7. NATIONAL FRUIT:-
Its juicy fruit is a rich source of Vitamins A, C and D. In India there are over 100 varieties of mangoes, in different sizes, shapes and colours. Mangoes have been cultivated in India from time immemorial. The poet Kalidasa sang its praises. Alexander savoured its taste, as did the Chinese pilgrim Hieun Tsang.
8. NATIONAL FLOWER:-
Lotus is Sacred because of its nature. It signifies purity and detachment from the surroundings. It grows in a dirty pond. … Lotus (Nelumbo nucifera) is a sacred-flower and occupies a unique position in the art and mythology of ancient India and has been an auspicious symbol of Indian culture.
9. NATIONAL DRINK:-
Bidyananda Barkakoty, chairman of the North Eastern Tea Association, said while the British commercialised tea production in India it has always been an Indianbrew and should now be recognised as its national drink. “Tea is an Indian beverage, very much part of Indian culture and indigenous to India.
10. NATIONAL SNACKS:-
A popular street snack in India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, and Nepal, it consists of a round, hollow puri, fried crisp and filled with a mixture of flavored water (pani), tamarind chutney, chili, chaat masala, potato, onion, and chickpeas. It is generally small enough to fit completely into one’s mouth.
11. NATIONAL FOOD:-
India Has No National Dish. Despite having popular foods such as Khichdi, rice, biryani, daal, roti, and bhajiya, there is no food that has been declared to be the official National Dish of India. A national dish should strongly be associated with the country.
12. NATIONAL LANGUAGE:-
The Constitution of India designates the official language of the Government of India as Hindi written in the Devanagari script, as well as English. There is no national language as declared by the Constitution of India.
13. NATIONAL DRESS:-
Traditional Indian clothing for women in the north and east are saris worn with choli tops; a long skirt called a lehenga or pavada worn with choli and a dupatta scarf to create an ensemble called a gagra choli; or salwar kameez suits, while many south Indian women traditionally wear sari and children wear pattu langa.
14. NATIONAL DANCE:-
The Sangeet Natak Akademi currently confers classicalstatus on eight Indianclassical dance styles:Bharatanatyam (Tamil Nadu), Kathak (North, West and Central India), Kathakali (Kerala), Kuchipudi (Andhra Pradesh), Odissi (Odisha), Manipuri (Manipur),Mohiniyattam (Kerala), and Sattriya (Assam).
15. NATIONAL FESTIVAL:-
India is a land of festivals. It celebrates numerous religious festivals and three national festivals. Gandhi Jayanti, Republic Day and Independence Day are the three national festivals celebrated in the country.
16. National Anthem:-
The National Anthem of India Jana-gana-mana, composed originally in Bengali by Rabindranath Tagore, was adopted in its Hindi version by the Constituent Assembly as the National Anthem of India on 24 January 1950. It was first sung on 27 December 1911 at the Kolkata Session of the Indian National Congress.
The complete song consists of five stanzas. The first stanza contains the full version of the National Anthem.
Playing time of the full version of the national anthem is approximately 52 seconds. A short version consisting of the first and last lines of the stanza (playing time approximately 20 seconds) is also played on certain occasions.
17. National Song:-
The song Vande Mataram, composed in Sanskrit by Bankimchandra Chatterji, was a source of inspiration to the people in their struggle for freedom. It has an equal status with Jana-gana-mana. On January 24, 1950, the President, Dr. Rajendra Prasad came up with a statement in the Constituent Assembly, “the song Vande Mataram, which has played a historic part in the struggle for Indian freedom, shall be honoured equally with Jana Gana Mana and shall have equal status with it.”
The first political occasion when it was sung was the 1896 session of the Indian National Congress. The song was a part of Bankimchandra’s most famous novel Anand Math (1882).
18. NATIONAL BIRD:-
The Indian peacock, Pavo cristatus, the National Bird of India, is a colourful, swan-sized bird, with a fan-shaped crest of feathers, a white patch under the eye and a long, slender neck. The male of the species is more colourful than the female, with a glistening blue breast and neck and a spectacular bronze-green tail of around 200 elongated feathers. The female is brownish, slightly smaller than the male and lacks the tail. The elaborate courtship dance of the male, fanning out the tail and preening its feathers is a gorgeous sight.
19. NATIONAL ANIMAL:-
The magnificent tiger, Panthera tigris is a striped animal. It has a thick yellow coat of fur with dark stripes. The combination of grace, strength, agility and enormous power has earned the tiger its pride of place as the national animal of India.
20. NATIONAL TREE:-
Indian fig tree, Ficus bengalensis, whose branches root themselves like new trees over a large area. The roots then give rise to more trunks and branches. Because of this characteristic and its longevity, this tree is considered immortal and is an integral part of the myths and legends of India. Even today, the banyan tree is the focal point of village life and the village council meets under the shade of this tree.
21 NATIONAL SONG-
The song Vande Mataram, composed in Sanskrit by Bankimchandra Chatterji, was a source of inspiration to the people in their struggle for freedom. It has an equal status with Jana-gana-mana. The first political occasion when it was sung was the 1896 session of the Indian National Congress.